East-Asia and the Pacific Regional Office (EAPRO) from UNICEF, Equity Case Studies Publication, presents a success case on reaching the Ethnic Minorities in Rural Vietnam. This (Link) – also, see below! – shows how Government commitment and action to initiate legal reforms were identified as vital to the creation of enabling environments within which equity-focused programming could flourish. Showing the results of programming and policy changes in regards to Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (2011-2015), the development of the Guideline for Planning and Implementation for Rural Sanitation (2013), and the outcome of a bottleneck analysis with efforts from the Government and UNICEF (2013-3014), this case study is a clear and great example of the significant results achieved (and in a considerable short time-frame!) when you approach challenges in the sector also by strengthening the enabling environment for WASH.
With smart investments and targeted actions, every child can have a fair chance in life. The four case studies show how governments in East Asia and the Pacific have successfully implemented programmes that address inequity for children. Each case study details how a government reoriented its social services to focus on the most disadvantaged and socially marginalized children, and how this choice dramatically improved the life chances for individual children, to the benefit of their nation. The Governments of China, Indonesia, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Vietnam have clearly demonstrated that inequities can be reduced with simple, well-informed policies, well-targeted programmes, and mutually beneficial partnerships. The ‘Scaling up Rural Sanitation’ initiative, which is supporting ethnic minority communities in rural Vietnam to improve sanitation and hygiene practices has emphasized the use of culturally appropriate messaging locally driven interventions and participatory approaches. In terms of success factors, it was found that national governments were particularly committed when local evidence was gathered and presented by national experts, and when this evidence provided a sound basis for monitoring results, thus supporting decision-making and wider roll out of programmes. (Link)
UNICEF. 2016. Vietnam Case Study Scaling Up Rural Sanitation to Reach Ethnic Minorities in Rural Vietnam. In: A Fair Start for Every Child – How six governments in East Asia and the Pacific solved some of the most stubborn problems facing marginalized children. 42-49 pp.