38. Monitoring Sanitation and Hygiene in Rural Ethiopia: A Diagnostic Analysis of Systems, Tools, and Capacity – Water and Sanitation Program Technical Paper

This Technical Paper draws from experience of WSP’s Scaling Up Rural Sanitation project in Ethiopia. This global project focused on learning how to combine the promising approaches of Community-Led Total Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing to generate sanitation demand and strengthen the supply of sanitation products and services at scale, leading to improved health for people in rural areas. It is a large-scale effort to meet the basic sanitation needs of the rural poor who do not currently have access to safe and hygienic sanitation. The analysis in this report provides evidence that there is still a lack adequate resources to establish and effectively run the WASH monitoring system at the Federal, Regional and Woreda levels. The inability to identify and retain personnel with the right mix of skills, continues to be a bottleneck to the implementation of a fully functioning monitoring system within the sector. This is further compounded by lack of financial resources available, specifically at the Woredas level, to undertake data collection and supportive supervision activities. To improve the monitoring of sanitation and hygiene interventions this report concludes that four main areas should be addressed. (Link)


Jones, O. 2015. Monitoring Sanitation and Hygiene in Rural Ethiopia: A Diagnostic Analysis of Systems, Tools, and Capacity – Water and Sanitation Program Technical Paper. Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) – The World Bank. 60 p.

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