37. Creating an Enabling Environment for Community-Based Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Systems Case Study: Reforming the Rural Department of the National Water Agency (INAPA) in the Dominican Republic – Strategic Report 4.

In 1996, with advocacy and policy work by USAID and other external support agencies including the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the Government of the Dominican Republic recognized the need for reform of water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector policies and approaches. This coincided with a USAID decision to phase out its funding for direct provision of new WSS services in rural communities. As part of its phase-out strategy, the USAID Mission in the Dominican Republic decided that the timing and conditions were right to work with the government in seeking policy and sector reform; specifically, USAID wished to share the lessons it had learned in its “total community participation” (TCP) model. This model promotes community-based, -owned, and – managed rural WSS and uses nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to implement projects. This report documents assistance given by EHP on behalf of USAID in this period and focuses on distilling lessons from the experience that may be useful in crafting interventions for creating enabling environments for the support of other community based rural water supplies, sanitation and hygiene promotion. (Link)


Johnson, E.; Perez, E. A. 2002. Creating an Enabling Environment for Community-Based Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Systems Case Study: Reforming the Rural Department of the National Water Agency (INAPA) in the Dominican Republic – Strategic Report 4. Environmental Health Project (EHP), USAID. 49 p.

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