This is the first consolidated and referenced multi-country study of Water or Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Joint Sector Reviews (JSRs). The study report provide an understanding of JSR processes and practical guidance on how to introduce and improve them. The initial focus of the work was on JSRs in fragile states. However, the contested definitions of a fragile state, arbitrary thresholds as well as the realization that there are common issues with respect to JSRs in non-fragile countries led to a widening of the scope of countries studied. Notably, all countries included are considerably donor dependant for WASH. The study considered 25 countries, and found that between 2001 and 2015, WASH JSRs had taken place in 19 of them. At their best, JSR processes provide a reliable overview of finance, implementation, institutions, and gaps; bring sector stakeholders together; and contribute towards driving reforms and improving sector governance. This study has not found a magic formula for when to embark on a JSR, and whether a country first needs, for example, a sector investment plan or monitoring system. JSR processes evolve over time in light of the national or local context. They can and should be done in fragile contexts. The preparations, as well as follow-up from the gathering, are as important as the gathering itself, if not more so. (Link)
Danert, K.; Furey, S.; Mechta, M.; Gupta, S. 2016. Effective Joint Sector Reviews (JSRs) for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) – A Study and Guidance. Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN), The Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) – World Bank. 94 p.