24. Sanitation Monitoring and Evaluation: An Investigation of Global Models and Implementation Challenges in a Rapidly Urbanizing Setting of Ghana

The main objective of this master thesis was to investigate how global sanitation is currently monitored, the weaknesses of available data, and the present challenges of monitoring sanitation behaviour in rapidly urbanizing settings, using an example from Ghana. In order to undertake the task of reporting the challenges this study compared existing global models for sanitation monitoring and evaluation, and described their applicability. Sanitation actors and data flow in a peri­urban location of Ghana were mapped in order to identify the obstacles in data collection, sharing and usability of results. Sanitation data flow globally and in Ghana is complex; it involves actors from different administrative levels, includes the public and private sectors, and demonstrates a clear divide between rural and urban settings. Indicators currently used result in a gap in available data because they do not effectively represent behaviour, practices or issues of equity related to human waste disposal, particularly in the dynamic settings of rapidly urbanizing townships. The lack of harmonised monitoring and evaluation methods for sanitation data collection are a potentially significant waste of money which is not only a considerable burden for national partner governments and development partners, but also limits progress in improving global sanitation practices. (Link)


Fried, A. 2010. Sanitation Monitoring and Evaluation: An Investigation of Global Models and Implementation Challenges in a Rapidly Urbanizing Setting of Ghana. University of Copenhagen, University of Granada – Master Thesis. Europubhealth Program, Erasmus Mundus. 68 p.

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