21. Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion: Programing Guidance

This document is about Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion and about setting in place a process whereby people (women, children and men) effect and sustain a hygienic and  healthy environment for themselves. They do this by erecting barriers to prevent transmission of disease agents (broadly by means of sanitation) and by reducing the main risky hygiene practices and conditions which they face (usually the main focus of hygiene promotion). The primary direct impact of sanitation and hygiene promotion is health, and of all health impacts, the most significant is probably the prevention of diarrhoeal disease. This document focuses on a selection of the interventions identified by the Hygiene Improvement Framework (HIF), improved sanitation at the household level, access to soap, hygiene promotion and the enabling environment), while recognizing that others, such as improved water supply, solid waste management, better drainage, school sanitation and son on, are also important if the health benefits of sanitation and hygiene promotion are to be realized. (Link)


Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC); World Health Organization (WHO). 2005. Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion: Programing Guidance. USAID, UNICEF, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), WELL/WEDC Water, Engineering and Development Centre, Pan American Health Organization/Sanitary Engineering and Environmental Science (PAHO/CEPIS) Environmental Health Project (EHP). 97 p.

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