This paper is a progress report on the state of the struggle against diarrhea and a rallying cry for a redoubled emphasis on prevention. Specifically, it: describes the incidence and impact of diarrhea on children, families, and household economics; examines the achievements and limitations of efforts to fight diarrhea to date (e.g., oral re-hydration and improving resistance); establishes the case for a renewed emphasis on prevention through hygiene improvement; presents the Hygiene Improvement Framework, a comprehensive, three-pronged approach to preventing diarrhea at its source; presents cases of successful hygiene improvement programs from the field; and, explains how to integrate diarrhea prevention efforts into ongoing health and development programs. (Link)
Environmental Health Project (EHP); UNICEF/Water, Environment and Sanitation (WES); USAID; Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) – The World Bank; Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC). 2004. The Hygiene Improvement Framework: A Comprehensive Approach for Preventing Childhood Diarrhea – Joint Publication 8. 37 p.