This working paper seeks to document the current and potential role that parliaments around the world (Legislatures, Congresses, and Assemblies) play to advocate, approve, monitor and oversee the allocation of public funds for the realization of children’s rights. This paper adopts an approach to identify why and when different stakeholders engage with parliaments to enhance children’s welfare. The aim is to identify legislative and non-legislative factors that contribute to effective Public Finance for Children (PF4C) activities at the country level. The collected evidence comes from a comparative assessment of practices across 11 countries with different levels of PF4C activity and transparency. This paper discusses the characteristics and advantages of adopting a political economy approach for understanding parliamentary engagement, looks at the different roles played by institutional factors along the stages of the budget process to explain the link between an EE, greater budget transparency and improved public finance outcomes for children, offers a qualitative assessment of why and when PF4C activism is likely to work, based on the experiences of UNICEF COs, and summarizes the qualitative and quantitative data collected in the previous sections in order to offer effective advocacy strategies that are sensitive to specific countries and types of budgetary processes. (Link)
Acosta, A. M. 2016. Evidence and Guidance on Working with Parliaments on Budget Advocacy, Monitoring and Oversight for Children’s Rights: Synthesis of Findings – PF4C Working Paper Series, No. 1. UNICEF Programme Division. 39 p.