As requested by the High-level Committee on South-South Cooperation (HLC), the Joint Inspection Unit (JIU) included in its programme of work, a system-wide review of the existing United Nations institutional arrangements in support of South-South (SSC) and triangular cooperation (TC). The objective of the review is to assess the current situation and make recommendations on the ways and means of enhancing system-wide contribution to South-South and triangular cooperation, addressing issues of mandates, frameworks and policies, intergovernmental processes, structures, financing and coordination. The review found that South-South cooperation has made its way, albeit slowly, across the United Nations system, as called for by the Buenos Aires Plan of Action over 30 years ago. To attain full impact, however, current United Nations institutional arrangements should be improved in terms of overall system-wide policy frameworks, governance, coordination, structures, mechanisms and dedicated resources. Moreover, the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation (SU/SSC) should prioritize its activities and resources in line with its extended mandate. In terms of triangular cooperation, more effort is required to enhance its contribution to South-South cooperation. (Link)
Zahran, M. M.; Roman-Morey, E.; Inomata, T. 2011. South-South and Triangular Cooperation in The United Nations System. Joint Inspection Unit, United Nations. 75 p.