Capacity development is a process through which individuals, organizations and societies obtain, strengthen and maintain the capabilities to achieve their own development objectives. The UN General Assembly has also underscored that capacity development is a key strategy to achieving internationally agreed goals, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). When referring to the Enabling Environment, this Note states that this level of capacity, which includes the policy framework, allocation of public resources and societal norms, is also crucial to achieving progress in development. Broadening the level of participation of stakeholders in planning and policymaking helps ensure that a system is responsive to the needs of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged members of society and that it safeguards their rights. This background note to the oral report presented at the 2010 second regular session of the Executive Board describes how UNICEF, and partners, supports the development of the capacity of national and subnational government institutions and civil society organizations, community groups, families and caregivers to address gaps and disparities related to the realization of the rights of children and women in development and humanitarian contexts. The note summarizes key constraints and lessons learned, and concludes with indications of the ways forward. (Link)
UNICEF. 2010. The Approach of UNICEF to Capacity Development – Oral Report Background Note. 8 p.