70. Sanitation Financing Models for the Urban Poor – Thematic Overview Paper 25

The Thematic Overview Papers (TOP) series is a web-based initiative and a digest of recent experiences, expert opinions and foreseeable trends on a specific theme, providing a grounding in the topic concerned. This TOP offers innovative ways to finance safe human excreta disposal services that covers the full disposal and management chain of human faeces of the urban poor. Although financing mechanisms include matched funding from national governments, the focus is on financing at and below city level. The contents give an overview of ways that the urban poor and others (e.g. national and local government, NGOs, external donors) have (co-)financed improved sanitation, and the advantages and limitations of each option. The overview is subdivided by service level and builds on the work of IRC’s WASHCost project on sanitation service levels. This TOP concludes that working with a mix of financing mechanisms, implementing and delivering a  full-chain sanitation service to the poor and very poor urban households can help the water,  sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector move forward in its development agenda. Finally, in order to score real progress in sanitation conditions in cities and countries, agencies and governments must develop and improve access to urban sanitation statistics that are poor-specific and take cognisance of the full-cycle of sanitation. (Link)


Sijbesma, C. 2011. Sanitation Financing Models for the Urban Poor – Thematic Overview Paper 25. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre. 124 p.

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