Existing funding to sanitation is not well-tracked and it is difficult to compare the effectiveness of alternative public financing strategies for the sector. It is therefore essential to identify ways in which public funds can be spent effectively to maximise long-term benefits to health, welfare and productivity. WaterAid initiated this study to evaluate the effectiveness of public financing in promoting and supporting sustainable solutions for improving household sanitation. Case studies were gathered in 2010 to evaluate public funding for sanitation in three locations: rural Thailand, rural Bihar, India, urban Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. This report provides a brief overview of the methodology developed for the purpose of the studies and synthesizes the main findings on the effectiveness of public financing for sanitation in the three case study locations. Given the limited number of case studies and the fact that they were carried out in very different country contexts, it was not possible to draw broad and definitive conclusions about what works best to improve the effectiveness of public financing for sanitation. Instead, this synthesis report seeks to identify challenges relating to equity and sustainability and outlines emerging lessons for improving the allocation and targeting of public funds. (Link)
Trémolet, S.; Mansour, G. 2013. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Public Finance for Sanitation – A Synthesis Report. WaterAid, Sanitation and Hygiene Applied Research for Equity (SHARE) Consortium, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), UKAid, Department for International Development/UK (DFID). 48 p.