61. Human Resource Capacity in Ghana’s Water Sanitation and Hygiene Sector: Analysis of Capacity Gaps and Policy Implications

Adequate human resources (HR) capacity in the water and sanitation sector plays a pivotal role in improving and sustaining access to potable water and improved sanitation. This study highlights the HR capacity and gaps in Ghana’s water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector. It is based on data collected from five public sector organisations, six non governmental organisations, 14 private sector institutions and 12 training institutions. Results indicate that the proportion of technical HR was high (75%) in water service delivery, while technical personnel in the sanitation sub-sector was low (2%), leading to low sanitation coverage and ineffective sanitation service delivery. The female proportion ranged from 16 to 44% (average of 22%). There was a shortage of technical personnel in public WASH due to unattractive working conditions, attrition and lack of qualified graduates to fill positions. Average annual graduates’ supply from non-technical programmes to WASH is five times more than that from technical ones There was a lack of commitment to implement policies on developing adequate HR capacity in WASH due to weak institutional arrangement. There is the need to develop policies on HR career progression and capacity building programmes as well as gender-sensitive recruitment policies for WASH. (Link)


Oduro-Kwarteng, S.; Monney, I.; Braimah, I. 2014. Human Resource Capacity in Ghana’s Water Sanitation and Hygiene Sector: Analysis of Capacity Gaps and Policy Implications. Water Policy 17 (3): 502-519.

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