133. How Can We Influence Municipal Governments to Allocate More Money to Sanitation? – Practice Note

Improving urban sanitation requires big investment by municipal as well as national government: but in most African cities, sanitation receives less than 1% of the total municipal budget. This Practice Note reports ongoing research around how to encourage greater municipal investment in sanitation, in cities in Kenya, Ghana and Mozambique. Informed by background studies the research team has worked closely with Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP) country teams and in-country researchers to devise advocacy strategies for each focus city, to be implemented through 2015. The strategies define specific advocacy goals, key messages, target stakeholders, advocacy approaches, and timelines. A range of advocacy techniques are being applied, tailored to the specific goals and the wider political context in each city: these include media campaigns, lobbying of elected officials, and targeting pro-poor ‘champions’ within local institutions. In conclusion, this note has introduced the advocacy plans implemented in three focus cities and it was too early to report how these strategies were working. Outcome evaluation is a key component of this research, and documentation of its progress was planned. (Link)


Bisaga, I.; Norma, G.; Drabble, S. 2015. How Can We Influence Municipal Governments to Allocate More Money to Sanitation? – Practice Note. Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP), UKAid, Johns Hopkins University. 2 p.

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