This report presents the results of a Global Economic and Sector Work (ESW) Study on the Political Economy of Sanitation in Brazil, India, Indonesia, and Senegal that was conducted by the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) and the World Bank. The purpose of the study is to help WSP and The World Bank – through a better understanding of the political economy of sanitation – in their efforts to support partner countries and development practitioners in the design, implementation, and effectiveness of operations that aim to provide pro-poor sanitation investments and services to improve health and hygiene outcomes. The ultimate goal is to improve health and hygiene outcomes. This study follows current approaches to political economy – interdisciplinary inquiry drawing upon social and political theory and economic principles – to understand how political actors, institutions, and economic processes influence each other. The study was conducted through a qualitative analysis of stakeholders, institutions, impacts, risks, and opportunities that was linked to processes and policy debate. This Synthesis Report is based on the findings from the secondary literature and the results of primary research which examined how each country had identified and managed political economy risks and opportunities in its sanitation interventions. (Link)
Garbarino, S.; Holland, J.; Boork, S.; Caplan, K.; Shankland, A. 2011. The Political Economy of Sanitation: How Can We Increase Investment and Improve Service for the Poor? Operational Experiences and Lessons Learned from Case Studies in Brazil, India, Indonesia, and Senegal, Water and Sanitation Program – Technical Paper. WSP Sanitation Global Practice Team, Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) – The World Bank, Oxford Policy Management. 90 p.