It is useful to understand the extent to which a policy has met its objectives and whether those who were intended to benefit have done so. This paper, therefore, reviews existing national water and sanitation policies in Nigeria with a view to examining their effectiveness. The National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS) [2003-2007] recognized that many of the diseases that affect Nigerians, including malaria, tuberculosis, diarrhoea, and dysentery, are due to unhealthy environmental conditions and the NEEDS identifies the low-level of sanitation, especially in urban centres and peri-urban slums, as a critical issue in this sector. The NEEDS proposed that water supply and sanitation should be a primary focus of the government. This paper also presents a conclusion and recommendations. It is not clear how current policies and interventions will impact on water and sanitation supply through additional yield and/or savings. Issues of technology, impact on local water resources, acceptability to local community, local employment, running costs and expenditure, and long-term applicability are expected to be addressed comprehensively by policy. However, the current water and sanitation policies indicate a need for further analysis and reform. (Link)
WaterAid. 2007. Water and Sanitation in Nigeria: A Briefing on National Policy, Water and Sanitation in NEEDS and National Development Plan (NDP) – Briefing Note. UNICEF, European Union, Department for International Development/UK (DFID). 6 p.