101. Tool 2 WASH Bottleneck Analysis Tool (WASH-BAT) – Level: Country and Subnational

The enabling environment (EE) for sanitation is the policy, capacity and institutional and financial framework necessary for sustaining and replicating large-scale sanitation programmes. A positive EE builds the attitudes, capacity and practices for effective and efficient functioning of organizations and individuals. UNICEF’s WASH strategy emphasizes improving the enabling environment for sanitation. UNICEF country offices have identified the following six institutional issues as most challenging and six tools have been developed which help monitor the EE for WASH and one of them is: the WASH Bottleneck Analysis Tool (WASH-BAT). Because there is growing attention to monitoring the EE for WASH, this Web Page provides an overview of the main tools for this purpose that enables large-scale sanitation programmes to be developed and sustained. Specifically, WASH-BAT is another response to the needs of the sector to better diagnose and solve the key challenges it faces. Developed by UNICEF, the WASH-BAT has its roots in another UNICEF and World Bank tool, the Marginal Budgeting for Bottlenecks (MBB) tool, which was developed for the health sector more than 10 years ago. The WASH-BAT uses a modular approach, such that lead agencies can choose which modules to apply in each context. The modules cover a range of levels and sub-sectors. (Link)


UNICEF. 2017. Tool 2 WASH Bottleneck Analysis Tool (WASH-BAT) – Level: Country and Subnational. Web Page  [Accessed in January, 2017].

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